Distributed fiber optic sensing is a technology which enables continuous and real-time measurements along the entire length of a fiber optic cable. In contrast to traditional sensing, which use discrete sensors at pre-ordained points, distributed fiber optic sensing does not rely on the manufactured sensors but uses continuous optical fiber.
There are many factors driving the global distributed fiber optic sensing market. Growth in optics based technology installations is expected to be a major driver of the market. The growing application of distributed fiber optics technology, mainly in oil & gas verticals, is expected to emerge as a market driver. Moreover, growth in demand for optical sensors from civil engineering projects is also expected to drive the market’s growth. With developments in technology, sensors have become more reliable than ever. Their high reliability among mission critical processes is also expected to boost the growth of the market.
There are, however, some factors that are restraining the market’s growth. The complexity associated with the installation of such sensors is expected to emerge as the largest restraint to growth. Moreover, concern about their repair and replacement is also expected to hinder the growth of the market.
The global distributed fiber optic sensing market can be segmented on the basis of operating principle, fiber type, scattering process, application, vertical, and geography. On the basis of operating principle, the market can be divided into Optical Time Domain Reflectometry (OTDR) and Optical Frequency Domain Reflectometry (OFDR). Based on fiber type, the market can be segmented into Single Mode Fiber and Multimode Fiber.
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Based on the scattering process, the market can be classified into Rayleigh Scattering Effect, Raman Scattering Effect, and Brillouin Scattering Effect. On the basis of application, the market can be sub-segmented into temperature sensing, acoustic sensing, and other sensing applications. The acoustic sensing sub-segment is expected to experience a prominent growth rate owing to its enhanced sensitivity which gives reliable reading. Additionally, acoustic sensing can also be used to detect temperatures and hence serve dual purpose.