Recently, researchers developed nanoscale hydrogen batteries using water-splitting technology. Researchers from MITs department of materials science and engineering and MIT Lincoln Laboratory conducted this research. These batteries will deliver faster charging, longer life, and reduce wastage of energy. Moreover, these batteries are likely to adapt physically to unique structural needs and are easy to fabricate at room temperature.
At present, water-splitting methods are in use to produce hydrogen for large-scale industrial needs. But this is the first time this technique is used for creating a battery.
A Hair Strand-Sized Battery Revolutionizing Tech World
Billions of nanoscale switches are present inside a modern cell phone that flips on and off, thus aiding the phone to function. Transistors functions according to the signal received through the single battery. Currently, one battery is capable of supplying power to multiple components, which is likely to change in the coming years. While transferring signal from battery to a component, a certain amount of power is lost. Thus, to minimize the power loss, coupling each component with its own battery will assist in achieving this goal. However, there is still time as in the current tech world batteries are not small enough to permit this arrangement.
Researchers are in favor of miniscule sensors the size of human hair. To make these tiny sensors they only need to get their hands on a battery similar to that size. They are also looking forward to building their own batteries according to the shape and geometry they require, which will expand its application in multiple ways.
As of now, researchers have built batteries that are 50 nanometers thick, comparatively thinner than a hair strand. Incorporating these batteries near transistors and sensors will be much easier. Moreover, the battery demonstrated a power density that has a greater magnitude than the current battery. Higher power density results in more power output per volume of the battery.