Aftereffects of natural disasters have considerable impact on food supplies, especially in Asian regions. To solve these problems, scientists at Colorado State University (CSU) have come up with an approach known as an ‘approximate dynamic programming’. Adopting this approach, the communities affected by natural calamities can improve the household food security.
Studies by CSU also revealed the link between disruption in civil infrastructure and failures in food distribution. Natural calamities have considerably worsened household food security issues in recent years. The hurricanes of 2015, Katrina, Wilma, and Rita suggest this trend. These led to food programs, where about $928 million were distributed to 2.4 million households.
Better infrastructure and food security can solve almost all of it
The study mainly focuses on three dimensions. It stresses on the connection between civil infrastructure and household food security concerning to food affordability, accessibility, and availability.
Keeping in mind the issue of food security, affordability improves the ability of the affected people to purchase food from vendors. Accessibility checks whether a family has physical access to food vendors, which is often relied upon on the condition of good transportation links. In the end, availability mainly keeps an eye on the service of the food distribution infrastructure, comprising bulk distributors, vendors, and consumers. Thus, the scientists of CSU have decided to give more emphasis on building portfolio restoration, since it is an important part of availability.
Lastly, scientists also want to incorporate various other characteristics that are important for food security. Extending their models based on physical systems to economic and social systems and ensuring their interdependencies is a case in point.
Researchers are about to find different approach for community recovery and are working on several papers for this.