A major factor which comes into play while effectively berthing a ship or a vessel, apart from the ship’s electrical and mechanical system, is the marine fender system. Ideally, a ship or vessel should be brought at a very slow or negligible speed for the berthing process, as a small increase in the speed of the vessel can give an exponential jump to the overall momentum of the vessel due to the high mass of the ship. However, in actual scenario, the speed of the vessel can’t be restricted to the minimum value due to various reasons such as wind effects, tides, engine failures, tugs irregular pulls, etc. Hence, an efficient and effective marine fender system is required to protect the ship or vessel hull plates or the jetty or berth from external damage, which could have otherwise occurred when coming in contact during the berthing of the vessel.

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Generally, a marine fender system needs to durable, cost-effective, and have low maintenance cost. Moreover, the material of the fender should be available locally in case a replacement is required. The navigator of the vessel or the ship should consider and control the amount of energy required for berthing. The energy required is actually a function of various parameters such as displacement or mass of the vessel or the velocity of the vessel. If the energy is more than the berthing energy, then it is known as abnormal energy, which is likely due to harsh weather, or due to human or technical error or a combination of these. Some work must be done by the shore wall upon the ship’s hull in order to neutralize the kinetic energy of the vessel. When the ship’s hull impacts upon the shore or jetty, the reactive forces increase exponentially on the dock installations, due to which the dock and hull structure deflects according to their stiffness. Marine fenders installed at the interface between hull and docks becomes active in such situations. The marine fender diverts and cuts down the berthing energy drastically and that too without causing any damage to the docks or jetty and to the hull of the ship or vessel.

Based on type, the marine fenders market can be segmented into foam fenders, rubber fenders, pneumatic fenders, HALO fenders, and tug fenders. Foam fenders are usually manufactured from extremely high quality and grade of foam and are covered by a tough material such as polyurethane skin. Rubber fenders are generally manufactured from materials such as EPDM, SBR, neoprene, butyl, and natural rubber. Pneumatic fenders are majorly employed for ship or vessel to vessel transfer at mid seas, and their special property of low reaction force and at low deflection makes them suitable for defense vessels containing very sensitive equipment, or for liquid vessels. HALO fenders are premium type of pneumatic fenders. Tug fenders have to work longer, harder, and at very extreme conditions in comparison to other types of fenders.

Based on application, the marine fenders market can be classified into commercial vessels, naval vessels, and others. The commercial vessels segment is anticipated to dominate the marine fenders market during the forecast period due to the increasing number of commercial vessels for import and export purposes.

In terms of region, the marine fenders market can be divided into North America, Latin America, Europe, Asia Pacific, and Middle East & Africa. North America is projected to hold a substantial share of the global marine fenders market during the forecast period. Europe is likely to follow North America, in terms of market share, during the forecast period. The market in Asia Pacific is expected to expand at a significant growth rate in the near future, due to the increasing port activity in the region, coupled with expanding trading activities in the region, especially in developing countries such as India and China.

Key players operating in the marine fenders market include Bridgestone Corporation, THE YOKOHAMA RUBBER CO., LTD., Fendertec, Trelleborg, GoodYear Rubber Products Inc., and MAX GROUPS MARINE CORPORATION.

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