New research in the US’s important plant – corn – has observed varied internal structures. These structures will likely to help for optimizing conversion process of the corn into ethanol.
The economy of the country majorly depends upon the ethanol, but, the researchers haven’t explored the internal structure of the corn. Tuo Wang, Assistant Professor at LSU Department of Chemistry said that almost gasoline contains 10% of the ethanol. In addition, one-third of totally produced corn is used for ethanol production.
What does the study suggest?
This study will offer benefit if they improved the production of ethanol from corn. The researchers are first to improve ethanol production and corn production in turn.
Thick and rigid complex carbohydrates in the plant act as support are able to produce the polymer known as lignin. The recent study suggests that lignin has limited contact with cellulose present in the plant. Also, the other complex structures in plants work as a glue for connecting cellulose and lignin.
An early study showed that lignin and xylan are mixed; however, a recent study showed that they are separate places and functionalities. It was against the earlier claim and started a new theory, Wang said.
Ethanol production technique needs optimization, which is a long way to go in the further study. The demand for ethanol is growing, as it is the most required biofuel. The recent ethanol production activity requires the optimization and this new method will offer numerous opportunities in the coming future.
Additionally, the team is now analyzing the other plants such as switchgrass and rice as they are the other major biofuel sources.