Supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) systems have gained significance in recent years in analyzing operations and infrastructure at water or wastewater utilities. Real-time analysis of water operations is an evolving area and is gaining traction in the management of wastewater treatment plants. Constant advances in water operations analysis tools have improved the capabilities of SCADA. Various tools in SCADA offer remote or local equipment monitoring, detection of failures in them, and facilitate operational decisions across the entire plant, thereby reducing manpower and maintenance cost. The advent of smart devices such as sensors in water utility infrastructure have led to the automation of several control processes managed by operators and facility personnel. The leveraging of the potential IIoT (Industrial Internet-of-things) is a key trend favorably impacting the evolution of the SCADA market for water and wastewater.

The implementation of IoT provides a seamless connectivity across various smart meters and water quality sensors. Substantial improvement have been made in methods related to real-time situational awareness and real-time historian base. Recent years have seen the popularity of modular SCADA systems and open integration platforms. These platforms enable facility managers in development of applications to meet the emerging needs of scalability in utility infrastructures. In addition, they provide the much needed interdependence from specific remote terminal units and programmable logic controllers used in the SCADA systems. This helps in managing the complexities of configuration of electronic devices.

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