A nation has to go several challenges post-cold war activities. One of them, is trying to eliminate gallons of radioactive in chemical waste. This is by far one of the most complicated task. In order to resolve this issue, a team of experts have gone through hundreds of studies so as to find out the aspects of waste and determine the scientific issues which need to be taken care of in order to carry out a complete clean up.

A clear understanding of the scientific issues is anticipated to give a stronger foundation for effective engineering solutions for eliminating the hazardous radioactive and chemical waste. Scientists from the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory have constructed a vitrification plant to store the waste in a safe manner by solidifying the waste. Complex interactions occur when waste which is removed from the tanks is pumped through pipes in order to feed them further as well as for vitrification.

Recent advancements in in-situ microscopy, aberration character transmission electron microscopy, and theoretical modelling across scales are anticipated to prove to be fruitful as the studies collected from the information have the ability to transfer radioactive materials to the Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory and make use of atom probe tomography for predicting physics-based models and guide clean-up efforts.