The U.S. has 114,000 sick patients on its organ transplant list. However, according the United Network for Organ Sharing, every year almost 8000 people die waiting for the organs. There are positive developments taking place, such as start-ups building machines to keep the donor’s organs alive till the surgery is done. This will improve the organ’s count and lessen its death until the transplant happens. Another invention where researchers are finding ways to transplant pig kidneys in humans is through gene-editing techniques. On the other hand, stem cell research by the Mayo Clinic in Jacksonville is focusing on creating ways to regenerate and repair damaged organs.
Finding new ways to improve the supply and meet the demand for organs is never ending search for researchers, policymakers, and doctors. They with came up various pursuits such as regenerative therapies based on stem cell research to cure or fix damaged organs. In addition, they are assessing the potential of transplanting pig organs in humans.
More about Pig Organ Transplantation
Xenotransplantation is the transplantation of organs from one species to another, which is not entirely novel. Researchers think that entire organ transplant through gene-editing techniques is possible in the forthcoming years if we overcome physiological and immunological obstacles. The reason for targeting this fast cultivating species is that they are anatomically similar to humans. Moreover, within six months of span pigs are ready for transplant. In the coming years, researchers want to create designer swine grown in pathogen-free indoor farms. These swine will serve as spare parts for curing human bodies. The main aim is to enable organ printers, so that, vital organs can be transplanted successfully in next decade.