Carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is increasing and this is anticipated to adversely impact the hydrologic cycle resulting in extreme weather forecast. The water resources, and agriculture will also suffer. Columbian engineering researchers have stated that it is vegetation which plays a huge role in the water cycle of the Earth and that it is the plants which regulate the Continental Water Resources, as opposed to the commonly. Idea that hydrologic change is driven by precipitation gamma radiation, rising temperature and climate change. The researchers have stated that vegetation please an important role in the future and this finding can bring about complete different understanding of how continental water stress will impact the future.

This team of researchers have been the first to isolate the response of vegetation from the response of global warming and by this disentangling the vegetation response to the tremendous increase in carbon dioxide in the atmosphere response, it has been realized that the future water stress is actually hugely dependent on vegetation. The lead author of the paper stated that it is in fact plants which are the real thermostat of the world. Vegetation is in the centre of the energy cycle, carbon cycle, and the water cycle. This is because, vegetation takes up carbon from the atmosphere, released water which day taken from the soil, cool off the surface in the process, subsequently controlling the temperature.

Plants can have a huge effect on the climate of a place but the vegetation response in itself is complex. We have to decompose the impact of stomatal response versus biomass growth and understand the ways vegetation would respond to global warming carbon dioxide increase and other forms of change